Zeugma was established at the time of Alexander the Great and lived its heydays during the Roman period. The ancient site is particularly rich in relics such as sculptures, reliefs, and grave sets.
The bullas, also known as seal stamps, amounting to 100.000 in number have brought Turkey a world record for having the worldwide highest number of bullas registered in a museum. Made of terra cotta and decorated with depictions these bullas reveal the commercial relations and wealth of the period.
Another important reason why Zeugma was one of the most crucial four cities of the Roman Empire was that the 4th Legion was stationed here. The legion was in charge of protecting the shores of the Euphrates River.
It is believed that the mosaics of Zeugma, a.k.a City of Mosaics, will constitute the world’s largest mosaic collection displayed at Gaziantep museum after the excavations at Zeugma are completed. Adorned with valuable and artistic frescoes, mosaics and statues, the region is culturally highly developed.
The bronze statue of Mars, symbolizing abundance and power to the Romans, is one of the most intriguing findings of the excavations. The statue has undergone cleanup operations and is opened to visitation now.
Many precious mosaics brought to light during excavations in the region are displayed on site or in the Zeugma Mosaic Museum. The worldwide popular mosaic of the Gypsy (Gaia), with her misty and mysterious gaze, has become the symbol of Zeugma.
The mosaics of Triton, Dionysus and Nike, Antiope and the Satyr, Dionysus’sWedding, the Birth of Aphrodite, Achilles, Oceanus and Tethys as well as the mosaics of Love and Soul among others illustrate the great potential of this unique and valuable ancient city.
Supported by the Republic of Turkey Ministry of Culture and Tourism the Zeugma Archaeological Project is intended to protect the area and its surroundings and to shed light on the treasures of the region to provide the world with another world heritage.
The Gaziantep Zeugma Mosaic Museum, exhibiting the relics and mosaics of the area, is one of the most significant museums in the world. The site is a one of the must-see places for visitors in Gaziantep.
Vacationers intrigued by Zeugma and its mysteries should not miss the opportunity to visit and explore the region.