Antique City of Aizanoi
Kütahya Antique City of Aizanoi
World Heritage List Date of Submission to the Tentative: 13/04/2012
Ref. Nr: 5724
Traces of settlement, as early as 3000 BC, were discovered in the ancient city of Aizanoi which lies within the boundaries of Cavdarhisar in Kütahya Province. After the region had been alternately under the rule of Bergama and Bithynia during the Hellenistic period, it came under the rule of the Roman Empire in 133 BC. Solid evidence of urbanization in the region, whose fame had outreached its boundaries for its wealth from grain, wine and wool production, could be traced back to the end of the first century BC only. The ancient city of Aizanoi lived its most brilliant period during the Roman period when large construction activities had occurred, and many buildings had been built. Nearly 80,000 people are estimated to have lived in the ancient city during this period. The best preserved temple of Zeus in Anatolia, the theater and the adjoining stadium, with a capacity of 15,000 people the first and 13.5000 people the latter, the two baths, the world's first stock exchange building, the colonnaded street, the five bridges two of which are still intact on Kocaçay, the two agoras, the gymnasium, the Sanctuary Meter Steunene, the necropolises, the ancient dam, the waterways and gates are among the ruins of the area. The ancient city was contemporaneous with cities as Ephesus, Bergama and Side.