The Ancient City of Sardis and the Lydian Tumuli of Bin Tepe
The Ancient City of Sardis and the Lydian Tumuli of Bintepeler
Date of Submission to the Tentative List: 21/06/2013
Ref. Nr.: 5829
Sardis, one of the most famous and richest cities of the ancient World, was founded near to Salihli district of Manisa province. The city was the capital of the Lydian Empire and continued to be of great importance during the Roman and Byzantine period. The birthplace of the first coin and the hometown of Croesus (Karun) who made a name for himself for his richness, Sardis is also well known as the site of one of the world's most magnificent Ionian temples. Mentioned in the Bible, Sardis is the site of one of the seven holy churches that played a major role in spreading Christianity to the West.
Bintepeler, the site of the tumulus cemetery of the Lydians, is at the same time the largest tumulus cemetery of the World. Connected to Sardes, Bintepeler, with its relics from different eras is not only significant as a royal cemetery of the Lydians but as a cultural monument of all periods.