Of great value to Turkish history, Samsun is the historic city where Atatürk laid the foundations of the war of independence during his visit on May 19, 1919. Naturally the region abounds in natural and historical sites worth the visit.
The earliest known settlement in the city began around 1500 BC. The historical site of Dündartepe where many ancient artifacts have been retrieved is among the earliest settlements of the region.
Rich in historical artifacts, Tekkeköy is another ancient site settled during the Hittite period and the Early Bronze Age.
Likewise, numerous artifacts were excavated at Ikiztepe historical site which was settled during the same time periods like Tekkeköy.
Kaledoruğu Mound and the Lerdüge Tumuli are among the historic sites of the early Bronze Age where ancient rock tombs and artifacts were found.
The Archaeology - Ethnographic Museum, Gazi Museum and the Ataturk Museum are among the important historical centers of the city. Exhibiting the findings of the area and sources related to Atatürk’s visit and his accomplishments in Samsun, these museums are among the must-see sites.
Mosques such as Büyük Camii, Yali, Kurşunlu and Haci Hatun Mosque as well as the Church of Mater Dolorosa are some of the sites representative of the diverse religious structures of the city. Surrounded by innumerable tombs, Turkish baths, monuments and spas you can get steeped in history and explore the natural landscape of Samsun.
Built in the 17th century, the historical Tashan Bazaar and Fazil Ahmed Pasha Bazaar are comprised of traditional shops where you can buy your souvenirs and similar traditional items.
You can swim in the foamy waters of the Black Sea if you are visiting Samsun in the summer months. The Alaçam Geyikkoşan Beach, Bafra Coast, Tekkeköy Yakakent and Çam Lake are some of the beaches where you can explore different types of waters.
In addition to the lush green valleys where one can engage in trekking there are a numerous other natural sites suitable for outdoor sports such as mountaineering, paragliding or water sports.
Samsun is also well-known for its local cuisine which makes use of corn, cabbage, and beans in addition to meat and pastry as main ingredients. Lahana Çorbasi (Cabbage soup), kaz yufkası (pastry with goose meat, ) yer pancarı (a dish made of beet), mercimekli bulgur pilavı (bulgur pilaf with lentils), hamsi ekmek ( anchovy bread) are some of the local delicacies you should taste.
Samsun is a highly recommendable destination for tourists who would like to enjoy exploring the lush green landscape of the central Black Sea Region.